OPENING OF THE GNAOUA FESTIVAL: UNPRECEDENTED FUSION BETWEEN 3 CULTURES LISTED AS UNESCO INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE Hassan Boussou is the worthy heir of his late father, Maâlem Hmida Boussou. His musical heritage has taken him to the four corners of the world for years, whether with his traditional ensemble, Boussou Ganga, or with his fusion group based in France, Séwaryé. Used to the most diverse and refined collaborations, the traditional repertoire remains the main source of inspiration for Maâlem Hassan Boussou, while being enriched with Western sounds. A faithful among the faithful, Hassan offers the Gnaoua and World Music Festival of Essaouira, at each edition, all the generosity of his art. In 2016, he fused with one of the American masters of Free Jazz, Jamaaladeen Tacuma, during the 19th edition of the Festival. In March 2017, it was an enthusiastic audience that ovationed him during the Gnaoua Festival Tour concert at the Bataclan; a 100% Festival fusion concert with Maâlem Mustapha Bakbou, Hindi Zahra, Mehdi Nassouli, Tony Allen, Karim Ziad, and Titi Robin. For this edition, the audience will find him in the exceptional opening show with the Dumanlé Company, Nino de Los Reyes, Sergio Martinez, and Ilê Aiyê. Moulay El Tayeb Dehbi was born in Marrakech in 1979. He grew up in a Gnaoua family, where he was initiated by his father, Maâlem Moulay Abdellatif, and several Gnaoua masters, including Mohamed Kouyou, Abdelkabir Ben Salloum, Mahjoub Al-Khlamousi, Zoukari Hassan, and Haj Boujamaa. Maâlem Moulay El Tayeb is distinguished by his perfect mastery of Gnaoua heritage rhythms, which has allowed him to participate in several festivals with renowned artists. He performed on the main stage of the Gnaoua and World Music Festival, Moulay Hassan Stage, during the 2018 edition, alongside two other young Maâlems from Marrakech. Ilê Aiyê, the first 100% Afro percussion group from Salvador, and the originator of "Samba-Reggae," has revolutionized Bahian music and "re-Africanized" its carnival. A mythical formation that has become a source of inspiration for many Afro-descendant personalities in Brazil, such as its patrons Gilberto Gil, Margareth Menezes, and Carlinhos Brown. In the early 1970s, the initiative of Vovô and Apolônio, two young people from the Curuzu-Liberdade neighborhood, was part of a desire for Afro-Brazilian renaissance, responding to American Black Power. The idols were named James Brown or Bob Marley, and it seemed urgent to reaffirm black consciousness through cultural manifestations such as candomblé, afoxé (its musical aspect), and capoeira... for too long silenced by white authorities. From the recording of one of their tracks by Gilberto Gil (on the album "Refavela") to the song by Caetano Veloso that pays tribute to them, the prodigious notoriety of Ilê Aiyê has grown over time. Five decades after its beginnings, the group, with its 3,000 members, is today considered a "cultural heritage of humanity" and continues to be a source of inspiration for the diaspora and new generations. Founded in 2012, the Dumanlé Company consists of actors, dancers, and musicians mostly trained at the National Institute of Arts and Cultural Action (INSAAC). The Company works on choreographic productions inspired by Ivorian cultural heritage. Directed by Ivorian choreographer Hermann Nikoko, it explores the Zaouli, popular music, and dance practiced by the Gouro community (Central West of Côte d'Ivoire) and listed on the UNESCO World Heritage list. The practice of Zaouli combines, in the same show, sculpture with the mask, weaving with costumes, music, and dance. In its performances, songs, percussion, and movements intertwine to install positive energy that soothes souls. Winner of the 19th edition of the national "Cultural Vacations" festival in 2013, organized by the Ministry of Culture and Francophonie, the Company also participated in the International Dance Festival of Ouagadougou with the project "Blahon," which means "Panther Men." It also performed in Beijing with the show "Meeting of Masks," at the Carthage theatrical days with the project "The Universe of Komians," and toured Germany and the Netherlands in 2022. The Gnaoua and World Music Festival of Essaouira proposes a duo of the most complicit in the Jazz Flamenco galaxy with Nino de Los Reyes and Sergio Martinez. The two friends are not collaborating for the first time. Nino is a rising star of contemporary Flamenco. He is the first dancer to receive a Grammy Award for the best Latin Jazz album "Antidote," in collaboration with the legendary figure of Jazz, Chick Corea. The latter also invited him to participate in the presentation of his 75th anniversary at the Blue Note Club and Madison Square Garden in New York. Nino has shared the stage with Joaquin Grilo, Milagros Mengibar, Antonio Reyes, and his brother Isaac De Los Reyes. He has also collaborated with Paul Simon for his album "Stranger to Stranger." Sergio, on the other hand, is one of the most internationally known Spanish percussionists. A versatile artist, he has developed his career by collaborating with great figures on the world stage such as Paul Simon, Al Di Meola, John Patitucci, Joe Lovano, and Terri Lyne Carrington. With his mentors Danilo Pérez, Jamey Haddad, and Jose Antonio Galicia, he has performed on the biggest Jazz stages and participated in the most important festivals in the world.


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